Given the date, there is a very great liklihood that former Mars Boys would be among the crew on the Duntrune. There are no certainties at this moment but when any further information comes to light, it shall certainly be added. However the story below remains a great record of Dundee's maritime history.We have received 18th July 2009 a diary kept by one of the passengers, James Hogg, which provides a fascinating, acurate and detailed, day by day record of the journey. Read it here James Hogg's Duntrune Diary



The Duntrune 

THE EMMIGRANT SHIP

Dundee Advertiser
Wednesday, August 29th, 1883.


BOARD OF TRADE INSPECTION OF SHIP AND STORES. The sailing of the Duntrune, of the Dundee Clipper Line, direct for Brisbane, Queensland, on Saturday morning will be a day long remembered in Dundee. Not for many years has an emigrant vessel left the Tay for the colonies, and the chartering of the Duntrune from Dundee by the Queensland Government is a compliment alike to the port of Dundee and the owners of the far-famed line to which the vessel belongs. The Duntrune and the other vessels belonging to the Dundee Clipper Line have a splendid reputation for speed, many of them having made the smartest passages on record between the United Kingdom and the antipodes. The accommodation for emigrants on board the Duntrune is excellent, and the ventilation of the ‘tween decks is spoken of in the highest terms by the Government and Board of Trade officials. The Duntrune will be commanded by Captain John Rollo, Newport, a gentleman who has had large and varied experience in vessels employed in carrying emigrants, and is besides a man endowed with special qualifications for the responsible position he occupies. He will be ably assisted in the management of his fine vessel by Mr R. Pye, the chief
officer, who, though a young man, has won the confidence of his employers during the short time he has been in the ship.   The Duntrune will carry a full general cargo from Dundee to Brisbane and San Francisco.  The cargo has been stowed in the main hold, the stores are aft, and the “wanted luggage” has been deposited forward. A space has been left in the main hold for “not wanted baggage.” The ‘tween decks have been set apart entirely for the emigrants, of whom there are expected to be about 450 souls. Which with the crew will bring the number to 500 souls on board, embracing 170 single men, 100 married couples with children, 16 single women, and 16 second class passengers.   The married people’s quarters are in the ‘tween deck amidships. The berths have been fitted up by Mr John Jackson, London. It may be mentioned that Mr Jackson holds a patent for the construction of the berths, which are models in point of excellence of build and ventilation. They are so arranged that families are kept close together, and are of different dimensions, according to the number of the children in the family. The berths are ranged round the sides of the vessel, three abreast and two deep. Each berth is fitted with swing door at the extreme end, folding table, fitted seat (which is also a locker for mess utensils), and knags for hanging clothes. When bedtime arrives a screen is drawn at the foot of the berth, and the utmost privacy is thus secured.   By a very ingenious arrangement the occupant of the berths on the top tier enters at the opposite end from those on the lower tier. Special provision has been made for the children and young people. The ventilation of the married people’s quarters is as perfect as can be. When the emigrants are called in the morning the doors of the berths will be thrown back and the screens pushed aside, by which a current of air will be admitted along the whole range of berths. Besides this, the boards of the berths are made to overlap each other, so that the air will circulate without hindrance of any kind. Portable mess tables are also fitted up between each row of berths, and amidships three fixed tables, at which passengers may read or write, have also been provided. Lockers for cleaning utensils have also been erected, and a spacious promenade is left between the berths from one end of the deck to the other. Printed regulations have been hung up for the guidance of the emigrants, and all that human foresight can suggest has been done to prevent accidents.   The accommodation provided for the single men is forward, and is walled off from the married people’s quarters. Eight blocks of open berths are ranged round the deck. The berths are two tiers high, with portable mess tables between the blocks. In the centre of the deck a writing table has been erected, on each side of which a space is left for the men to promenade. This part of the deck is admirably lighted and ventilated by the side scuttles and several ventilators.   The single women’s compartment is a very comfortable place, and is aft. It has been fitted with open berths, and has direct communication with the poop deck. The poop has been set apart for the second class passengers.   The captain’s room and part of the saloon are partitioned off as hospitals. On the main deck four lavatories and baths have been constructed for the use of the emigrants. A bakehouse alongside the valley contains an oven capable of baking 240 penny loaves at one time, and is to be under the charge of a skilled baker. In the galley two cooking ranges – one for the use of the emigrants and the other for the------------------------------ployed in making ready the food for the passengers and crew. The cooking in the emigrants’ division will be capable of cooking for 450 adults. A patent condenser, which is guaranteed to produce 1000 gallons of fresh water per day, has also been taken on board.

   The work of providing cooked meals for 500 persons will not be an easy one, but every improved method and the best cooks and stewards that could be got have been engaged for the voyage. A large amount of stores have been taken on board, and it may be mentioned that the ship will be provisioned for 150 days – or nearly double the time it will take if all goes well. The following list will give an idea of the quantities of provisions conveyed on board the Duntrune :-

Salt beef, 35 casks; pork, 70 casks; butter, 70 casks; flour, 80 barrels; oatmeal, 40 barrels; preserved beef and mutton, 200 packages; 20 cases of preserves; biscuits, 10 tons; besides preserved vegetables, tea, sugar, coffee, and other stores. Considerable quantities of fresh beef and potatoes, as well as some live stock, will also be taken on board at Dundee. The following is a week’s rations for an emigrant:-

Articles                                        Lbs         Oz

Flour                                             3            8

Bread                                            2           10

Beef                                               1            0

Pork                                              1            8

Preserved Meat                           1            0

Suet                                              0            5

Split Peas                                     0          12

Rice                                              0            8

Potatoes preserved                     0            8

(Or 2 lbs fresh)

Tea                                               0            2

Coffee                                           0            2

Sugar                                            1            0

Butter                                           0            6

Mustard                                       0             ½

Salt                                                0            2

Pepper                                          0           ½

Raisins and currants                   0            8

Lime juice (in tropics)                0            6

Oatmeal                                        1            0

Cheese                                         0             3

Jams and marmalade                 0            2

Carrots                                         0             3

Onions                                         0             4

Vegetables, chollets,                  0            

Molasses                                     0             3

Pickles                                         1 gill.

Water                                          21 qts.

The stores for the voyage have been supplied by London merchants  - Messrs Low, Huckvale, & Co. having secured the contract for the provision; while Messrs McWhirter, Roberts, & Co. have supplied the mess utensils. Dr Long of Sydney, accompanies the vessel on her voyage. The doctor has had experience in emigrant ships, and the health of the passengers will be in good keeping in his hands. He speaks in very high terms of the ship’s equipment, and is of opinion that no better ventilated and well-arranged vessel ever left Britain with emigrants. The berths, in his opinion, could not have been better arranged, and the sanitary conditions of the ship is all that could be desired.   Yesterday an official inspection of the ship and stores was made by Mr Lewis, of the Board of Trade, Leith, who was accompanied by Mr Rae and Mr Baxter, Dundee and Dr Long. A very minute inspection of the vessel was made, after which the party proceeded to examine the provisions. The samples opened were found to be of excellent quality, and the Inspector expressed himself as thoroughly satisfied with the quality of the meats.   The vessel is expected to be taken out to the river to-day, and the passengers will be taken off in tenders on Friday. On Saturday morning the Duntrune will sail for Brisbane should the weather be favourable.   Mr James, of Messrs Anderson & Anderson, London, the charterers, yesterday visited the vessel, and spent some time in arranging for the baggage of the passengers being taken care of. Mr Jack deserves special mention for his excellent arrangements regarding the berths.   Messrs D. Bruce & Company, Dundee and London, the managers of the Clipper Line, have done everything to equip the Duntrune for the voyage, and the whole arrangements have been carried out under the direction of Captain E.H. Moon, the energetic Marine Superintendent of the Dundee Clipper Line.

About 180 of the emigrants have had their passages secured through Mr Peter Fleming, emigration agent, Dundee, who had wrought hard to ensure the success of the effort to make Dundee an emigration port.

 

Dundee Advertiser, Saturday, September 1st, 1883

 

THE DEPARTURE OF THE DUNTRUNE


EMBARKATION OF THE EMIGRANTS

An unusually busy aspect was given to the Dundee Harbour yesterday by the embarkation of the emigrants who are going out to Queensland by the Clipper Liner Duntrune. The vessel left the dock on Thursday, and lies anchored in the roads. The passengers, who were accommodated in one of the large sheds at Camperdown Dock, were conveyed in relays to the ship from the Camperdown Jetty by the tug Iron King. Within the shed the scene was most interesting, and furnished specimens of many types of character. Seated on a bale of jute in one part of the shed was an Irish peasant farmer in a rough frieze suit and wide-awake hat. His wife – an excellent specimen of an Irish country woman – sat near him. She wore a plain dress of black cloth, and had a dark coloured shawl about her shoulders. She wore no hat or bonnet, but a cap as white as snow. With this pair were six children – the oldest about sixteen. He had farmed a farm of 30 acres in the south-west of Ireland. He was not, however, making money out of his farming, and he was going to Australia to see if he could better his circumstances. He had two daughters in Brisbane, who had sent him good accounts of the colony, and who would be ready to receive him when he got out. Near this group was the family of a Dumfries-shire ploughman, who was going out to try to get a bit of land of his own to farm. A specimen of quite a different class was a brisk Englishman who had been a riverside labourer on the Thames. He had followed many occupations. He had been a policeman and a member of a fire brigade. He would do anything that turned up. He would be quite ready to join the mounted police. His former training, he thought, would be a recommendation. To relive the tedium of waiting, a young man who played concertina was called in to employ his talents, and singing and dancing were engaged in with great spirit to the accompaniment of his music. Some amusement was caused by the singing of a parody of the Salvation Army song “Will you go?” in the chorus of which the younger portion of the passengers joined lustily. Every one was in the best of spirits, and looked forward to the departure with light heart. A large crowd, numbering several thousands, assembled on the shore to see them off, and a scene of great excitement prevailed. The jetty was quite filled by the crowd, but a passage was railed off between the shed and the quay to allow passengers to get easily on board the steamer. The emigrants were taken out in two batches. The first boat left at one o’clock, and the second at three. On arriving at the ship each batch of emigrants was served with dinner, and every preparation having been made on board previous to the arrival of the tender the meal was served without any bustle. Between six and seven the whole of the emigrants had tea together, and the utmost good feeling and orderliness prevailed. The mess utensils formed the subject 
of much good-natured banter, and it was interesting to notice how soon the emigrants became familiar with their new surroundings. The quality of the provisions was freely discussed, and the universal verdict was that they were first class. There is a large proportion of young children among the emigrants, and the little folk were having a fine time of it climbing into every tempting position they could discover in and about the berths.   One of the first things to strike a visitor on board the Duntrune was the prevailing cheerfulness of the emigrants. All seemed in the very best of spirits, and there was a complete absence of “scenes.” Fathers and mothers sat quietly talking on the seats at the foot of their berths, while the children gambolled round them; while now and then peals of merry laughter were heard issuing from recesses where a company of adults had assembled to discuss the arrangements made for their accommodation and talk over their prospects. But if general appearances indicated lightness of heart and jovial flow of spirits, several emigrants were to be met with whose quiet passivity of countenance and tearstained eye bespoke the inward struggle that was going on. A young mother with her little boy asleep in her arms was sitting in a corner gazing sorrowfully into the face of her child, while the tears were stealing silently down her pale cheeks. Her husband joined her, and with an effort – for he, too, was anything but happy like – tried to cheer and comfort her. At the foot of a berth a woman sat with her head resting on her hand. To her the busy scene around seemed to have no attraction. Her mind wandered far from the spot where she sat, and fondly clung to some cherished memory; she seemed stunned and bewildered. A middle-aged Irishman sat conversing with his wife, a mild-looking matronly woman. He was very taciturn, but civil. A fine specimen of the Scotch peasant, accompanied by his wife and six children, was sitting at the tea table. He was going out to Brisbane to work in a general store, and was hopeful that he was going to better his condition. His wife was quite cheerful, and seemed to be anxious only for the comfort of her little ones during the long and trying voyage. She expressed the pleasure she would derive in being able to knit and sew in the ship ‘tween decks, as she had imagined that it would be too dark to allow of her engaging in knitting and sewing. In the single men’s division joking, laughing, and talking were the predominating features; and instrumental music, singing, and dancing were being carried on with great spirit. It is probable that such ebullition of spirits will cease for a few days. The single young ladies were forming themselves into a committee of ways and means after tea, and no doubt their room will be a model of cleanliness and order during the voyage. It is satisfactory to know that of the large numbers of emigrants only two were rejected by the  doctor. Both men were disqualified on the ground of having defective vision.   The emigrants are a superior class of people, and are all healthy and of good appearance. As an index of their class, it may be mentioned that Captain Almond, the representative of the Queensland Government Savings Bank, yesterday issued deposit receipts to the amount of £828, and he expects to do more business to-day before the ship sails.   In the evening after tea religious service was conducted on the deck by the Rev. Thos. Fraser, Newport, and the Rev. Mr Tait, seamen’s missionary. The service was well attended. After the singing of the 2d Paraphrase and the hymn “There’s a Home over there,” the Rev. Mr Fraser gave an address on the conditions of success in life. Addressing himself particularly to the Scotch part of the passengers, he asked what had given prosperity and power to the old country they were leaving? They had reason to be proud of the stock from which they came, and it should endeavour to act worthily of it. One of the first qualities for which Scotchmen were pre-eminent was their industry. That was a virtue which needed not to be impressed on the audience who were leaving home to better their circumstances. In addition to their industry, Scotchmen had been remarkable for their thrift. He commented to them the advice of Dr Johnson, “ Whatever you have, spend less.” There was also an old Irish proverb worth remembering, “If a man wants to  be rich he must ask his wife.” If they wished to make themselves rich they would do well to spend little or nothing at all on drink or tobacco. They should be honest and rigidly truthful. Above all, they should carry with them the religion of their fathers. Honesty, industry, thrift, and the fear of God – these were the things from which Scotia’s grandeur had sprung, and he asked them all to endeavour in the far country to which they were going to make these qualities conspicuous in their conduct. The Rev. Mr Tait afterwards gave an address on the word, “I will go in the strength of the Lord.”

   The Duntrune is now in splendid sailing trim, and sits well in the water. Her Plimsoll mark is at least 2 ½ feet above the water-line. She is provided with two large lifeboats and four smaller boats, and all are fitted with Clifford’s patent lowering gear. The Duntrune carries a crew and a-half – according to regulations for emigrant ships – and is also well officered. She sails at noon to-day.

The following is an official list of the passengers :-

Second Class. – Mr and Mrs Balfour and four children, Manleaden, Brechin; Mr and Mrs Heggie, Glasgow; Mr W. Cullen, Kinbuck; Me G. Adam, Newtyle; Mr G. Scott, Glasgow; Mr J. Thom, Newport, Fife; Mr Walter Salt, Birmingham.

Steerage, - James Wilson, Mrs Wilson and five children, Fermanagh; Charles Whittard, Mrs Whittard, and one child,  Bristol; Mrs Emily Watson and four children, Salford; James White, New Sauchie; Thomas Woollan, Mrs Woollan, and three children, London; James M. Whitelaw, Musselburgh; Edwin Walmsley, Mrs Wamsley, and four children, Birmingham; John Wynn, Barrow-in-Furness; Mary Warren, Donnybrook; Wm. R. Wilson, Ellon James Watson, Belfast; Annie Maria Frost, Southport; Joseph Wilks, Southport; Charles Wallace, Arbroath; Albert Edward Vernon, Wolverhampton; John Veitch, Mrs Veitch, and five children, Edinburgh; Robert Thomson, and four children, Glasgow; Albert Taylor, Mrs Taylor, and five children; Samuel Purtle, Mrs Purtle, and child, Ballymena; Robert Sunney, Mrs Sunney, and child, Cramlington; James Thallon, Lochee; Wm. Henry Tovey, Cheltenham; Thomas Taylor, Edinburgh; David Thomson, Edinburgh; James Taylor, Alloa; William Smith, Larbert; Robert Smith, Larbert; James Henry Short, Mrs Short, and child, Manchester; James Steedman, Mrs Steedman, and five children, Dundee; H. Thomson, Greenock; Adw. Smart, Bathgate; James Smyth, West Meath; James Sandy, Dundee; Charles Strachan, Forfar; Charles W. Smith, Cheltenham; Mrs Jane Spink, and six children, Dundee; James Simpson, Perth; George Swan, Burntisland; John Stewart, Govan; John Seaman, Parlington; Thomas Serivens, Upton-on-Severn; John Smith, Dundee; Robert Stroyan, Mrs Stroyan, and five children, Lockerbie; a. m. Sander----, Alloa; James Robertson, Pitlochry; John Robertson, Dundee; David Rogerson, Lochee; Henry Rivers, Cheltenham; Patrick G. R-----, Mrs R------, and six children, West Meath; Robert and Mrs Reid, Monifieth; Thomas R--------, Mrs R-------, and three children, Blaydon-on-Lyne; Michael and William Reilly, Dundee; Robert Roberts, Liverpool; Joseph Roche, London; David Roberts, Dundee; Walter Roberts, Sheffield; Isabella Robertson, Dundee; Alfred Perrin and Mrs Perrin and child, Cottonham; Robert Platt, Grimsby; James Parkes, Birmingham; Alexander Paterson, Old Cumnock; George S. Philp, Dunfermline; Geo. Edward Peters, Birmingham; Samuel Pelt, Carlton-in-Cleveland; Frederick Johnston, Mrs Johnston, and two children, Newcastle; Alfred Harding, Mrs Harding and three children, Birmingham; Alfred Hitchiner, Whitby; Samuel and Mrs Harcourt, Birmingham; Thomas Higgenbottom, Oldham: George Clow, Lochee; James Cormie, Mrs Cormie, and two children, Dundee; Wm. Clinton, Castlepollard; Obidiah Cheffey, Mrs Cheffey, and son, London; George Cameron, Ellon; James Campbell, Glasgow; Robert G. Cook, Arran; Robert C-----rrey, Gateshead; James Caldwell, Mrs Caldwell, and child, Newport; Walter Ch---l Bromley; James Carty, Carlow; Henry and Mrs Carpenter, Wimbledon; James Connor, Ferbane; Thomas Campbell, Girvan; James Conbrough, Mrs Conbrough and four children, Glasgow; Alex Crerar, Dundee; Henry George Clark, Middlesbrough; William Chalmers, Dundee; Charles Bellis, Johnstown, North Wales; Alexander Buchanan, Helensburgh; J.H. Bradshaw, Waterloo; James and Mrs Beck, Manchester; Alex. and Mrs Bain, Gateshead; David Brown, Lochee; James Brymer, Dundee; Charles and Mrs Butchart, Monfieth; Ross Brown, Omagh; Ernest and Mrs Bonny, Hackney; Alex.McNab and Mrs Brown, Edinburgh; George Adams, Carmylie; Mungo Addie, Mrs Addie, and child, Dundee; Henry Armstrong, West Hampton; Thomas Anderson, Mrs Anderson, and two children, Edinburgh; John M. Knight Alexander, Cronberry; James Andrew, Edinburgh; George Adamson, Newcastle; John Patterson, Dundee; Thomas O’Connor, Clonala, county Clare; John O’Grady, Knockadangan; Alex. Neil, Dundee; John Nicoll, Monifieth; David Neish, Montrose; Jas. G. Neish, Montrose; Wm. Nutt, London; Patrick Nolan, Mrs Nolan, and four children, Chareville, Wicklow; Isaac Nelson and Mrs Nelson, Liverpool; Samuel Nash, St Leonards; John Normoyle, county Clare; Thomas Normoyle, Clonala, county Clare; John Martin, Gurt(?)engare, Ireland; John Manchele, Wigtown; Bernard McEldessey, Hull; George Middleton, Dundee; William Milner, Mrs Milner, and seven of family, Staffordshire; J.B. McIntosh and Mrs McIntosh, Forfar; Thomas Macarthur, Edinburgh; Chas Melluish, Pendleton; Henry McMeekin, and Mrs McMeekin, and two of family, Belfast; Luke Mason, Mrs Mason, and seven of family, Seaton Delane; James Morris, Lochgelly; Fredrick Marsden and Mrs Marsden, Sheffield; W. Munro and Mrs Munro, Glasgow; W. Maline, St Andrews; James Miller, Gourock; John Mason, Edinburgh; Elizabeth Marshall, Southport; David Matches, Mrs Matches, and five of family Kirkwall, Orkney; Geo. Mackenzie, Buckie; John Mackenzie, Buckie; Alexander Miller, Orkney; Samuel Mullen, Middlesburgh; Walter McRae, Dundee; David McGarry and Mrs McGarry, Dundee; Alexander Mudie, Dundee; Mrs Mudie, Dundee; J.McL. Hume, Dundee; Peter C. Merton, Doncaster; Andrew Little, Newhaven; Thomas Lyne, Killarney; John Loughnane and Thomas Loughnane, Deer Island county Clare; William Longmuir, Forfar; John W. Lloyd, Pendelton; John Lewis, Mrs Lewis and child, Liverpool; George Larmouth, Mrs Learmouth, and three of a family, Northumberland; John Leslie, Glasgow; Andrew Lawrie, Mrs Lawrie, and two of family, Edinburgh; David Lloyd, Bootle; Thos. Lloyd, Bootle; David Lyon, Alyth; Cristopher Kirwin, Manchester; James Kettles, Mrs Kettles, and child Dufftown; Francis Keane, Ennis; Robert Kerr, Mrs Kerr, and child, Dorset; Robert Kidd, Laurencekirk; Murty Kelly, Mrs Kelly, and six of family, county Clare; James Kerr, Lockerbie; Thos. Johnstone; Wm. Jenkinson, and child, Southport; Charles Jenkinson, Birmingham; Walter Bateson. Macclesfield; John Barry, Mrs Barry, and child, Glasgow; John Brown, Elie; John Barr, Dundee; Andrew Bricknall, Mrs Bricknall, and child, Newport, Fife; Alfred James Brown, county Derry; John Bunyon, Edinburgh; John Burnet, Edinburgh; Peter Robinson, Ptlochry. 


September, Thursday 6th 1883 there is a follow up


The Dundee Advertiser


THE EMIGRANT SHIP DUNTRUNE

    From letters received in Dundee last night it would appear that the emigrants on board the clipper Duntrune have had a rather rough beginning to their life on board ship. The bustle and excitement of the departure from the Tay engaged the passengers’ attention and conversation for some hours, and, the afternoon being pleasant, they greatly enjoyed the cool breeze from the east as the ship stole down the river. When they retired to rest they flattered themselves with the hope that for a while at least their voyage would be something of a holiday trip, and that they would have opportunity of getting their sea legs comfortably. Unfortunately their expectations were somewhat rudely disappointed. After passing Montrose the wind began to rise, and the weather became thick and nasty. Land was lost sight off, and the weather grew dirtier, the wind being E.S.E. The Iron King, however, kept towing till late on Saturday night, when Captain Rollo thought it advisable to cast her off, as his ship was running before the wind. Captain Legge was told to follow astern, which he did till early on Monday morning, when the Duntrune was again taken in tow off Noss (?) Head, a little to the north of Wick. All Sunday when the gale was blowing the condition of the majority of the passengers was most pitiable. The Duntrune behaved admirably, but on landsmen the rolling of the vessel had a disastrous effect. On Monday forenoon the wind veered to the north-west, and on approaching the entrance to the Pentland Firth it was found impracticable to make the passage. It was accordingly resolved to take the ship through the Roost.  On reaching the Skerries at 5.30 on Monday night the tug parted with the Duntrune; but Captain Rollo asked Captain Legge to beat about for an hour, as he would return and try the Firth should the wind again change. In the event of the wind keeping westerly Captain Legge might take it for granted that the Duntrune would keep on the course through the Roost. The wind continuing favourable, the vessel did not return, and the tug accordingly bore up for the Tay, and reached Dundee last night. Captain Rollo in a letter to the owners reports all well. He also states that on Sunday they received an addition to the number of passengers, the wife of William Creech, from county Meath, Ireland, having been safely delivered of a daughter.